School Safety

California School Climate and Safety Survey (CSCSS)

This webpage has resources for the CSCSS

http://www.michaelfurlong.info/CSCSS/

The CSCSSwas developed along with the first presentation of acomprehensive school safety planning model

Original 1989 California School Safety Planning Guide download

Morrison, R., Furlong, M. J., & Clontz, D. (1989). Safe Schools: A Planning Guide for Action. Sacramento, CA: California State Department of Education and Office of the Attorney General. (State Department Resource Manual)

School Safety Related Publications

  1. Morrison, R., Furlong, M. J., & Clontz, D. (1989). Safe Schools: A Planning Guide for Action. Sacramento, CA: California State Department of Education and Office of the Attorney General.
  2. Morrison, G., Furlong, M. J., & Morrison, R. (1994). School violence to school safety: Reframing the issue for school psychologists. School Psychology Review, 23, (2), 236-256.
  3. Morrison, G., Furlong, M. J., & Smith, G. (1994). Factors associated with the experience of school violence among general education, leadership class, opportunity class, and special day class pupils. Education and Treatment of Children. 17, 356-369.
  4. Furlong, M. J., Chung, A., Bates, M., & Morrison, R. (1995). Who are the victims of school violence? A comparison of student non-victims and multi-victims. Education & Treatment of Children. 18, 1-17.
  5. Furlong, M., J., Morrison, G. M., Chung, A., Bates, M., & Morrison, R. (1997). School Violence: A multicomponent Reduction Strategy. In G. Baer (Ed.), Children’s Needs: Psychological Perspectives. Washington, DC: National Association of School Psychologists.
  6. Furlong, M. J., Flam, C., & Smith, A. (1996). Guns in school: Disarming the myths. California School Psychologist, 1, 5-14.
  7. Rosenblatt, J., & Furlong, M. J. (1997). Assessing the reliability and validity of student self-reports of campus violence. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 26, 187-202.
  8. Morrison, G., Furlong, M. J., & Morrison, R. (1997). The safe school: Moving beyond crime prevention to school empowerment. In A. Goldstein & J. Conoley (Eds.), School violence intervention: A practical handbook (pp. 236-264). New York: Guilford.
  9. Furlong, M. J. (1996). Tools for assessing school violence. In S. Miller, J. Brodine, & T. Miller (Eds.), Safe by design: Planning for peaceful school communities (pp. 71-84). Seattle, WA: Committee for Children.
  10. Furlong, M. J., Casas, J. M., Corral, C., Chung, A., & Bates, M. (1997). Drugs and school violence. Education and Treatment of Children, 20, 263-280.
  11. Furlong, M. J., & Smith, D. C. (1998). Raging Rick to Tranquil Tom: An empirically based multidimensional anger typology for adolescent males. Psychology in the Schools, 35, 229-245.
  12. Furlong, M. J., & Morrison, G. M., (2000). The SCHOOL in school violence: Definitions and facts. Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 8, 71-82.
  13. Bear, G., Webster-Stratton, C., Furlong, M. J., & Rhee, S. (2000). Prevention of school violence. In G. Bear & C. Minke (Eds.), Preventing school problems—Promoting school success: Strategies that work (pp. 1-69). Washington, DC: National Association of School Psychologists.
  14. Furlong, M. J., Sharma, B., & Rhee, S. (2000). Defining school violence victim subtypes: A step towards adapting prevention and intervention programs to match student needs In D. Singh & C. B. Aspy (Eds.), Violence in American schools: A practical guide for counselors (pp. 67-88). Washington, DC: American Counseling Association.
  15. Austin, G., Huh-Kim, J., Skager, R., & Furlong, M. J. (2000). Violence and safety among California students: Results from the 1997-1998 California Student Survey, Sacramento, CA: California Office of the Attorney General and WestEd.
  16. Larson, J., Smith, D., & Furlong, M. J. (2001). School violence. In A. Thomas & J. Grimes (Eds.), Best practices in school psychology—IV (pp. 1081-1097). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.
  17. Furlong, M. J., Morrison, G. M., Austin, G., Huh-Kim, J., & Skager, R. (2001). Using student risk factors in school violence surveillance reports: Illustrative examples for enhanced policy formation, implementation, and evaluation. Law and Policy, 23, 271-295.
  18. Furlong, M. J., Bates, M. P., & Smith, D. C. (2001). Predicting school weapon possession: A secondary analysis of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey, Psychology in the Schools, 38, 127-140.
  19. Morrison, G. M., Anthony, S., Storino, M., Cheng, J., Furlong, M. J., & Morrison, R, L. (2001). School expulsion as a process and as event: Before and after effects on children at-risk for school discipline. In R. J. Skiba & G. G. Noam (Eds.), New directions in youth development—Zero tolerance: Can suspension and expulsion keep schools safe? 92, 45-72.
  20. Austin, G., Huh-Kim, J., Skager, R., & Furlong, M. J. (2002). Violence and safety among California youth, 1999-2000 California: Results from the eighth biennial statewide California Student Survey, grades 7, 9, 11. Sacramento, CA: California Office of the Attorney General and WestEd. Available online from, http://safestate.org/documents/8th%20violence%20rpt.pdf
  21. Morrison, G. M., Furlong, M. J., D’Incau, B. & Morrison, R. L.(2005). The safe school: Integrating the School Reform Agenda to Prevent Disruption and Violence at School. In A. Goldstein & J. C. Conley (Eds.), School Violence Intervention: A Practical Handbook (2nd ed., pp. 256-297). New York: Guilford.
  22. Furlong, M. J., Morrison, G. M., & Greif, J. (2003). Reaching an American consensus: Reactions to the Special Issue on School Bullying. School Psychology Review, 32, 456-470.
  23. Furlong, M. J., Bates, M. P., Sharkey, J. D., & Smith, D. C. (2004). The accuracy of school and non-school risk behaviors as predictors of school weapons possession. In M. J. Furlong, M. Bates, Smith, D. C., & P. Kingery (Eds.). Appraisal and prediction of school violence: Methods, Issues and Contents. (pp. 193-214). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.
  24. Furlong, M. J., Sharkey, J. D., Bates, M. P., & Smith, D. C. (2004). An examination of the reliability, data screening procedures, and extreme response patterns for the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey. Journal of School Violence, 3(2/3), 39-62.
  25. Furlong, M. J. Morrison, G. M., & Fisher, E. S. (2004). The influences of school contexts and processes on violence and disruption in American schools. In P. Clough, P. Garner, J. T. Pardeck, & F. Yuen (Eds.), Handbook of emotional and behavioural difficulties. London: Sage.
  26. Greif, J., & Furlong, M. J. (2004). Using item response analysis to develop a unidimensional school violence victimization scale. In Proceedings—Persistently Safe Schools, the National Conference of the Hamilton Fish Institute on School and Community Violence (October 27-29): Washington, DC: Hamilton Fish Institute.
  27. Furlong, M. J., Greif, J., Whipple, A., Bates, M.P., & Jimenez, T. (2005). The development of the California School Climate and Safety Survey—Short form. Psychology in the Schools, 42, 137-149.
  28. Furlong, M. J., & Sharkey, J. (2006). A review of methods to assess student self-report of weapons on school campuses. In S. R. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.), The handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice (pp. 235-256). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  29. Sharkey, J., Furlong, M. J., & Yetter, G. (2006). An overview of measurement issues in school violence and school safety research. In S. R. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.), The handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice (pp. 121-134.) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  30. Greif, J. L., & Furlong, M. J. (2006) The assessment of school bullying: Moving from theory to practice. Journal of School Violence. 5, 33-50.
  31. Felix, E., Furlong, M. J., Sharkey, J. D., Osher, D. (2007). Implication for evaluating multi-component, complex prevention initiatives: Taking guidance from the Safe School/Health Students Initiative. Journal of School Violence, 6, 3-22.
  32. You, S., Furlong, M. J., Felix, E., Sharkey, J.D., Tanigawa, D., & Green, J. (2008). Relations among school connectedness, hope, life satisfaction, and bully victimization, Psychology in the Schools, 45, 446-460.
  33. Furlong, M. J., Sharkey, J. D., Felix, E., Tanigawa, D., & Greif-Green, J. (2010). Bullying assessment: A call for increased precision of self-reporting procedures. In S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, & D. L. Espelage (Eds.), The international handbook of school bullying (pp. 329-346). New York: Routledge.
  34. Felix, E. D., Furlong, M. J., & Austin, G. (2009). A cluster analytic investigation of school violence victimization among diverse students, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10, 1673-1695.
  35. Furlong, M. J., Jones, C., Lilles, E., & Derzon, J (2010). Think Smart, Stay Safe: Aligning Elements within a Multi-level Approach to School Violence Prevention. In G. Stoner, M. Shinn, & H. Walker (Eds.). Interventions for academic and behavior problems III: Preventive and remedial approaches (pp. 313-336). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.
  36. Mayer, M., J. & Furlong, M. J. (2010). How safe are our schools? Educational Researcher, 39, 16-26.
  37. Felix, E., Sharkey, J., Green, J., Furlong, M., J. & Tanigawa, D. (2011). Getting Precise and Pragmatic about the Assessment of Bullying: The Development of the California Bullying Victimization Scale. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 234-247.
  38. O’Brennan, L. M., & Furlong, M.J. (2010). Relations Between Students’ Perceptions of School Connectedness and Peer Victimization. Journal of School Violence, 9, 375-391.
  39. Greif Green, J., Furlong, M. J., Astor, R. A., Benbenishty, R., & Espinoza, E. (2011). Assessing school victimization in the US, Guatemala, and Israel: Cross-cultural psychometric analysis of the School Victimization Scale. Victims and Offenders.
  40. Sharkey, J. D., Dowdy, E., Twyford, J., & Furlong, M. J. (2012). An Overview of Measurement Issues in School Violence and School Safety Research. In Shane R. Jimerson, Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer, & Michael J. Furlong (Eds.), The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice. New York, NY: Routledge.
  41. Sharkey, J. D., Furlong, M. J., Dowdy, E., Felix, E. D., Grimm, L., & Ritchey. K. (2012). The United States Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative: Turning a National Initiative into Local Action. In Shane R. Jimerson, Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer, & Michael J. Furlong (Eds.), The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice. New York, NY: Routledge.
  42. Furlong, M. J., O'Brennan, L. M., & You, S. (2011). Psychometric Properties of he Add Health School Connectedness Scale for 18 Sociocultural Groups. Psychology in the Schools.
  43. Furlong, M. J., Sharkey, J. D., Felix, E., Tanigawa, D., & Greif-Green, J. (2010). Bullying assessment: A call for increased precision of self-reporting procedures. In S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, & D. L. Espelage (Eds.), The international handbook of school bullying (pp. 329-346). New York: Routledge.
  44. Furlong, M. J., Jones, C., Lilles, E., & Derzon, J (2010). Think Smart, Stay Safe: Aligning Elements within a Multi-level Approach to School Violence Prevention. In G. Stoner, M. Shinn, & H. Walker (Eds.). Interventions for academic and behavior problems III: Preventive and remedial approaches (pp. 313-336). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.
  45. Mayer, M., J. & Furlong, M. J. (2010). How safe are our schools? Educational Researcher, 39, 16-26.
  46. Dowdy, E., Furlong, M. J., & Sharkey, J. D. (2012). Using Surveillance of Mental Health to Increase Understanding of Youth Involvement in High Risk Behaviors: A Value Added Analysis. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
  47. Smith, D.C., Furlong, M. J., Boman, P., & Gonzalez, V. (2012). Using Self-Report Anger Assessments in School Settings, In Shane R. Jimerson, Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer, & Michael J. Furlong (Eds.), The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice. New York, NY: Routledge.
  48. Furlong, M. J., Sharkey, J. D., Quirk, M., & Dowdy, E. (2011). Exploring the protective and promotive effects of school connectedness on the relation between psychological health risk and problem behaviors/experiences, Journal of Educational and Psychological Development, 1, 18–34.
  49. Felix, E. D., Furlong, M. J., & Austin, G. (2009). A cluster analytic investigation of school violence victimization among diverse students, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10, 1673-1695.
  50. You, S., Ritchey, K., Furlong, M. J., Shochet, I., & Boman, P. (2011). Examination of the Latent Structure of the Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 29, 225-237.
  51. Felix, E., Sharkey, J., Green, J., Furlong, M., J. & Tanigawa, D. (2011). Getting Precise and Pragmatic about the Assessment of Bullying: The Development of the California Bullying Victimization Scale. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 234-247.
  52. Sharkey, J. D., Furlong, M. J., Dowdy, E., Felix, E. D., Grimm, L., & Ritchey. K. (2012). The United States Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative: Turning a National Initiative into Local Action. In S. R. Jimerson, A. B. Nickerson, M. J. Mayer, & M. J. Furlong (Eds.), The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice. New York, NY: Routledge.
  53. Furlong, M. J., & Rebeliz-Ernst, J (in press). School Violence. In Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion (2nd ed.).
  54. Furlong, M. J., O’Brennan, L. M., & You, S. (2011). Psychometric Properties of the Add Health School Connectedness Scale for 18 Sociocultural Groups. Psychology in the Schools, 48, 986–997.
  55. Tanigawa, D. A., Furlong, M. J., Felix, E. D., & Sharkey, J. D. (2011). The Protective Role of Perceived Social Support Against the Manifestation of Depressive Symptoms in Peer Victims. Journal of School Violence, 10, 393–412.


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